Pregnancy triggers many physical and psychological changes in the patient, with hormonal and immune system changes affecting orals and dental health of the patient greatly. This may increase the risk of tooth cavities and periodontal (gum tissue) related problems.
Plaque removal treatment is recommended for the first months of the treatment. Again, in the same period, due to increased sensitivity, it is possible to observe swellings and rushes on the gum tissue. Your dental specialist will recommend the best course of action for you during your pregnancy.
First 3 months of pregnancy
The first 3 month of pregnancy is the period that requires the utmost attention, unnecessary operations may result with miscarriage However, if the pain is intense, it is recommended to see a dental specialist to prevent further and potentially more serious dental complications during the later stages of pregnancy. In cases of root canal treatment and tooth removal, dental specialists will prescribe medications that will not harm the child.
Second 3 months of pregnancy (4-7 months)
This period is considered to be ideal for treatment options for serious situations that should not be delayed after end of pregnancy. Root canal treatments, dental fillings and removal can be performed with ease during this period.
Just like the first 3 months period, unless there is an emergency situation, patients should not undergo operations during the last 3 months of their pregnancy.
Things Expecting Mothers should be careful with
Pregnancy creates a lot of responsibilities for the patient during the term, as well as their doctor. In order to prevent periodontal complications, dental care and periodic examinations must not be delayed or neglected, patients must brush their teeth at least twice a day. However, as the patients appetize increase with pregnancy, their meal frequency may increase, the patient may feel the need to increase the brushing frequency as well. Patients should floss their teeth regularly, and periodic oral and dental examinations must not be neglected.
Healthy eating habits are notoriously hard to keep during pregnancy, while with a healthy diet we can positively effect on our overall health and dental hygiene, there is also an increased risk of tooth decay and cavities if consumption of junk food increases as well.
Expecting mothers or those planning to get pregnant should consult with their dental specialist to better inform themselves.